Ethical Beekeeping: A Guide for Sustainable Practices

Ethical Beekeeping: A Guide for Sustainable Practices
Krista Bugden

Krista Bugden

7 minutes

Executive Summary:

  • Unlike many commercial beekeeping practices, ethical beekeeping prioritizes the bee health and the ecosystem. 
  • Natural approaches, sustainable harvesting, and disease management are the essential pillars of ethical beekeeping. 
  • Industrial beekeeping’s aggressive practices can detrimentally impact bee health. 
  • The honey harvested by ethical beekeepers is often of unparalleled quality due to sustainable practices. 


Ethical Beekeeping: What Is It and Why Is It Important?

Ethical beekeeping takes a different approach than conventional beekeeping, prioritizing hive health and ecosystem sustainability over honey production. This practice plays a pivotal role in promoting honey bee colony health, sustaining local ecosystems, and producing unparalleled quality honey.  

In this article, we explore ethical beekeeping, what it means, how it works, and why it’s important. So, let’s get to it!


What Is Ethical Beekeeping?

Ethical beekeeping is the practice of prioritizing bee health by ensuring they have access to natural food sources, comfortable hives, and the benefits of minimal intervention that creates a stress-free environment. Under this philosophy, beekeepers focus on the well-being of the honey bee colonies and local ecosystems over maximizing honey production. 

The Pillars of Ethical Beekeeping

Three key pillars support the world of ethical beekeeping: 

  1. A natural approach
  2. Sustainable harvesting
  3. Disease management

Firstly, ethical beekeepers take a step back and avoid micromanaging the hive. They let nature run its course, solely stepping in when intervention is essential to the hive’s survival. This means letting nature run its course, such as allowing the bees to construct their natural comb structures. 

The second pillar hinges on sustainable harvesting. While beekeepers may maximize their harvests by removing all the honey and supplementing the bees with sugar water, ethical beekeepers only remove the surplus honey. This ensures the bees have enough honey to sustain the hive during cooler months without flowering plants. 

Lastly, these beekeepers employ different approaches to maintain bee health without harmful chemicals or antibiotics. They position the hives in pesticide-free locations to avoid complications that can arise from chemical content and handle diseases with natural organic methods that vary based on the situation. 


How Does Ethical Beekeeping Work?

Ethical beekeeping hinges on a handful of practices that promote environmental sustainability and bee health. Below, we outline these practices in further detail.

  • Avoid pesticides: Pesticides can wreak havoc on a hive by removing essential food sources and detrimentally impacting the bees’ reproduction, navigation, and memory. Due to the impact of pesticides, ethical beekeepers avoid pesticides and harsh chemicals. 
  • Respect the queen: The queen is integral to a hive’s survival because she maintains bee populations. Frequent replacement and artificial insemination can disrupt the flow of nature in a hive, so ethical beekeepers respect the queen and generally let nature run its course. 
  • Leave honey behind: Bees need honey to survive the cooler months when plants aren’t flowering. To promote the health and well-being of the bees, beekeepers leave a portion of the honey behind after harvest to sustain the bees during winter. 
  • Promote biodiversity: Honey bees are drawn to native plants, but generally, they need more than a single plant variety to flourish. A few scattered plants may not provide the nectar the bees need, but a lush, diverse range of plants can help promote bee health and keep a steady food supply.
  • Follow the 7/10 rule: Under this rule, beekeepers only add supers (boxes placed in a beehive for honey storage) when the time is right. For example, a beekeeper could add a super to a hive with seven supers filled out of ten total. Adding too much too soon can overwork the bees, but the hive remains appropriately sized with this approach. 
  • Think local: Supporting local ecosystems is critical to beehive management, as the hive's health depends on it. Beekeepers must carefully consider placement to ensure the hive’s prosperity, positioning hives in areas with ample native food sources. 


Why Is Ethical Beekeeping Important?

Pollinators like honey bees play a vital role on this planet – without them, we wouldn’t have 80% of our crops. The impact of these pollinators causes ripple effects, cascading through the food chain and influencing numerous ecosystems. 

Given the importance of these pollinators, a thorough understanding of ethical practices is essential. Ethical beekeeping supports these important pollinators while offering a rich surplus of delicious golden nectar.  

The Impact of Industrial Beekeeping

Unfortunately, the tenets of ethical beekeeping aren’t standard across the board. Aggressive beekeeping practices remain a typical path in industrial beekeeping, leading to various repercussions for the bees and the environment. 

These aggressive practices often lead to over-harvesting, leaving the bees without sustenance for the cooler months. To close the gap and keep the bees alive while maximizing harvest amounts, some beekeepers choose to employ artificial feeding methods. 

On top of these methods, industrial beekeepers often excessively manipulate the hives to promote maximum harvest amounts, which can disrupt and detrimentally impact the bees.  

Manukora’s Stance on Ethical Beekeeping

At Manukora, we prioritize the well-being of bees and the environment through a practice we call The Art of Ethical Beekeeping. Our practices align with the tenets of ethical beekeeping, ensuring we allow the bees to thrive in their natural habitats by following old-school beekeeping standards that promote health and sustainability over honey production. 

Our hives are nestled in the remote forests of New Zealand, giving the bees an abundance of nectar and pollen from flourishing nearby Manuka tea trees. We position our hives carefully to promote bee health, encourage glyphosate-free honey production, and limit hive transportation that could disrupt the bees. 

Each year, we leave ample honey on the hives for the bees to sustain themselves through the winter, just as Mother Nature intended. The bees have access to at least 30 pounds of honey in their homes to feed on as winter runs its course. The longevity of the bees and our planet remains an unwavering priority. 


Dive Deeper Into Ethical Beekeeping

Ethical beekeeping is a captivating world teeming with intriguing tidbits that can help weave a better understanding of honey production and harvesting. This approach enables bees to flourish in their natural habitats while producing high-quality honey and minimizing the impact on the planet. 

Manukora stands as a beacon of commitment to sustainability and quality. Our selection of trending products showcases not just the best of our harvest, but also our dedication to these principles.

Our high-grade Manuka Honey UMF™ 24+ and Manuka Honey 20+ are testaments to this commitment, embodying the essence of purity and the rigorous standards of ethical beekeeping. Furthermore, our extensive honey guide offers invaluable insights, from how to harvest honey to exploring Manuka Honey as a superfood.

The guide also delves into the benefits of bee pollen and addresses a common query: Do bees die after they sting? Each of these elements aligns with our ethos, reinforcing the importance of ethical practices in beekeeping for the well-being of bees and the ecosystem.

At Manukora, the health and sustainability of our bees and the environment remain a guiding force in our practices. We advocate for ethical beekeeping, supporting local ethical beekeepers, and making informed decisions when selecting honey products. By doing so, we can all contribute to a healthier and more sustainable planet. 


What is ethical beekeeping and how does it differ from industrial beekeeping?

Ethical beekeeping emphasizes the health of bee colonies and the ecosystem, focusing on natural food sources, minimal intervention, and sustainable harvesting. Unlike industrial beekeeping, which often prioritizes maximum honey production, ethical beekeeping ensures the bees' well-being and promotes environmental sustainability.

What are the key pillars of ethical beekeeping?

The three key pillars of ethical beekeeping are a natural approach, sustainable harvesting, and effective disease management. This includes allowing bees to build their natural comb structures, harvesting only surplus honey, and using organic methods to treat diseases without harmful chemicals.

Why is ethical beekeeping important for the environment and agriculture?

Ethical beekeeping is crucial because bees are vital pollinators for many crops and ecosystems. Sustainable practices in beekeeping help maintain healthy bee populations, which support biodiversity, crop production, and the overall health of ecosystems.

How do ethical beekeepers maintain the health and sustainability of their hives?

Ethical beekeepers avoid using pesticides, respect the natural processes of the hive (including the role of the queen bee), leave sufficient honey for bees during winter, promote biodiversity, adhere to the 7/10 rule for hive expansion, and focus on supporting local ecosystems.

What are the consequences of industrial beekeeping practices on bee health and ecosystems?

Industrial beekeeping practices, such as over-harvesting, artificial feeding, and excessive hive manipulation, can lead to poor bee health, reduced bee populations, and disrupted ecosystems. These practices often prioritize honey production over the welfare of the bees and the environment.


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